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Prehistoric Scratchpad
PhBP Po10BP

Cro-Magnon Man enters Neanderthal held areas. They were likely able to make inroads due to advances in hunting technology and the expansion of the plains. Evidence of inter-mating is evident, the second such time.

Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact Web Pages[]

Classification[]

  • Quaternary Period (2.58-0.00 MYA) - The current Period. The age of humans. This time is the "current ice age", the Quaternary Glaciation.
    • Holocene Epoch (11.7-0 TYA) - The current epoch. The age of modern man. The current interglacial of the Quaternary Glaciation.
    • Pleistocene Epoch (2.58-0.0117 MYA) - The previous epoch. Includes the beginning of the Quaternary Glaciation, several inter-glacials, up until the beginning of the current interglacial.
      • Tarantian Age (126-11.7 TYA) - The Late Pleistocene. Defined as the beginning of the Eemian Interglacial until the end of the last glacial period of the last ice age.
        • Last Glacial Period (110-10 TYA) - The last glacial period in the current ice age. Has several names depending on geography, including Wisconsin Glaciation.
          • Event: Last Glacial Maximum (26.5-19 TYA) - Time during the Last Glacial Period where ice was at its greatest extent.
          • Event: Neanderthal Extinction (40 TYA) - Neanderthals went extinct due to a combination of climate change, out-competition with modern humans, and assimilation into modern human populations.
          • Event: Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact (65-47 TYA) - Cro-Magnon Man enters Neanderthal held areas. They were likely able to make inroads due to advances in hunting technology and the expansion of the plains. Evidence of inter-mating is evident, the second such time.

Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact In the News[]

Neanderthals and Cro-magnons Did Not Coexist on the Iberian Peninsula (2014)[]

Study re-dates bones at three Pyrenees caves using collagen DNA testing finds that there was a large gap between Neanderthal's and Cro-magnons' use of the cave, suggesting they did not co-exist on the peninsula. It is consistent with other regional studies which suggests no contact may have been made in Western Europe.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact, L'Arbreda, Labeko Koba, La Vina

INTERBREDING

Research Raises Doubts on Neanderthal-Modern Human Interbreeding (2012)[]

Research suggests similarity in DNA stems from common ancestry and activation of genes in similar environments.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Sunlight Adaptation Region of Neanderthal Genome Found in Much Of East Asian Population (2013)[]

Neanderthal DNA related to US light adaptation was adapted by East Asians more than other populations.
See also Neanderthals, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Immune Receptor Inherited from Neanderthal (2013)[]

One of the receptors that identifies invaders was found to be of Neanderthal origins and rare in Africa.
See also Neanderthals, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Neanderthal Genome Shows Early Human Interbreeding, Inbreeding (2013)[]

First high quality of Neanderthal genome created (from a 50 TYO Neanderthal woman's toe in Denisova Cave), allowing for comparison between modern humans and Denisovans.
See also Neanderthals, Denisova Cave, Modern Humans, Denisovans, Neanderthal-Denisovan Divergence, Neanderthal-Denisovan Common Ancestor - Modern Human Divergence, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact, Neanderthal-Denisovan Interbreeding

Modern Men Lack Y Chromosome Genes (2016)[]

Study compares Y Chromosome of humans and Neanderthals and determines that humans today did not inherit any parts of this chromosome. It also determined when the species originally diverged.

Ancient Denisvan DNA excavated in modern Pacific Islanders[]

Ancient human history more complex than previously though, researchers say (2016)[]

Early modern humans interbred with Neanderthals (2015)[]

NEANDERTHAL GENES TODAY

Neanderthals' Genetic Legacy (2014)[]

Humans inherited variants affecting disease risk, infertility, skin and hair characteristics
See also Neanderthals, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Over 20 Percent of Neanderthal Genomes Survives Today (2104)[]

A study of Europeans and East Asians found 20% of the Neanderthal Genome survives in the sample group.
See also Neanderthals, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Europeans have three times more Neanderthal genes for lipid catabolism than Asians or Africans (2014)[]

See also Neanderthals, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Inbred Neanderthals left humans a genetic burden (2016)[]

In breeding common to Neanderthals left them with harmful mutations that made them 40% less reproductively fit than humans. Some of this difficulty was passed on to modern humans when they interbred.

Neanderthal Inheritance Helped Humans Adapt to Life Outside of Africa (2016)[]

DNA studies show that among the areas inherited by humans from Neanderthals are those related to immune system and skin.

Neanderthal Genese Gave Modern Humans an Immunity Boost, Allergy (2016)[]

Europeans, Africans have different immune systems, and Neanderthals are partly to thank (2016)[]

Evolution Purged Many Neanderthal Genes from Human Genome (2016)[]

Because the human population was larger, slightly deleterious genes that were allowed to remain in the Neanderthal gene pool were purged via natural selection when they entered humans.

Neanderthal DNA Contributes to Human Gene Expression (Feb 2017)[]

Neanderthal genes found to contribute to human height and susceptibility to schizophrenia or lupus.

World Map of Neanderthal and Denisovan Ancestry in Modern Humans (2016)[]

Study creates map of Neanderthal and Denisovan ancestry. Denisovan interbreeding thought to occur 100 generations after Neanderthal.

DISEASES

Neanderthals May Have Been Infected by Diseases Carried Out of Africa by Humans (2016)[]

Genetic study of diseases shows they could jump between species of homonin.

Human Hunting Weapons May Not have Caused the Demise of the Neanderthals (2015)[]

Research shows that innovation of spear tip was developed by humans in Europe and later found its way to the near east. It thus likely did not precipitate humans entering Europe and allow them to overtake the Neanderthals.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact, Neanderthal Extinction
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