(Earth and Moon Interaction Studies)
(Earth and Moon Interaction Studies)
Line 574: Line 574:
===Earth and Moon Interaction Studies===
===Earth and Moon Interaction Studies===
=== ===
====Earthshine Varies by Rotation (Apr 2009)====
====Earthshine Varies by Rotation (Apr 2009)====

Latest revision as of 15:51, July 8, 2020

Solar System Scratchpad

[Boiler Plate]

The only natural satellite of the Earth. Its existence has affected life on Earth with its bright light and tidal effects. The closest relative mass for any satellite of a planet. One side faces the Earth, while the other always faces away. Has extensive volcanic past, negligible atmosphere. Presents an old cratered surface. Thought to have been formed when a planet-sized object struck the Earth. The only other body in the solar system that mankind has landed on. Currently orbited by the GRAIL satellites.

Lunar Web PagesEdit

Moon Places in the NewsEdit

See also Space Places in the News

  • Erlanger Crater (Sep 09) - A deep crater at the Moon's north pole which is covered in shadows nearly all of the time which may have water ice. Due to a star finder malfunction, a maneuver performed over this crater by the Chandrayaan satellite was difficult.
  • Sea of Tranquility (Jul 2009) - Volcanic basin where Apollo 11 landed.
  • Sea of Clouds (Jul 2009) - The "mouth" of the Man on the Moon. One of Lunar Reconnaissance Orbit's first pictures was of the highlands south of this.
  • Sea of Cold (Jul 09) - Lunar sea that archs above the Sea of Storms and the Sea of Rains. In the outer rim of the Procellarum basin. Photos in the highlands below this area were some of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's first photos.
  • Descartes Highlands (Jul 09) - Area southwest of the Sea of Tranquility by the Descartes Crater. Explored by Apollo 16. Has terrain similar to that found in LRO's highland images.
  • Shackelton Crater (Jul 09) - Eternally dark crater at the Lunar South Pole. It is much deeper than other craters its size. Selene and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter sensors mapped it. India's impactor struck it hoping to find water. None has been detected so far.
  • Anaxagoras A Crater (Jul 09) - An ancient crater near the lunar North Pole. One of the first photos returned by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.
  • Tycho Crater (Jul 09) - A crater in the south-west lunar highlands visible from the naked eye. It is a recent crater (formed during the age of Dinosaurs). A 3D flyover video of it was created using Kaguya imagery and it was imaged by LRO at sunrise.
  • Aristarchus Plateau (Jul 09) - A volcanic plain area near Aristarchus Crater in the Ocean of Storms that was once considered an Apollo landing site candidate. The crater is considered the brightest large feature on the Moon. The crater is a relatively new one (450 MY) and also the site of Imaged by Kaguya spacecraft. It is also the site of Transient lunar phenomena and contains ilminate, which could be used by future settlers to extract Oxygen.
  • Tsiolkovskiy Crater (Jul 09) - Large lunar far side crater with partially magma filled in bottom released after the impact. It is one of the smoothest areas on the rough far side. Kaguya made a flyby of it. The central peak appears like an island rising above a dark lake.
  • Hell E Crater (Jul 09) - A crater south of the Sea of Clouds and west of the area in the lunar highlands where the first images of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter were taken.
  • South Pole Aitken Bain (Jul 09) - The largest impact basin in the Solar System. It is located at the Moon's south pole and extends to the Aitken crater on the lunar far side. It has been shown to have high quantities of Uranium.
  • Goddard C Crater (Jun 09) - Crater near the Moon's eastern limb. It was the test subject of LCROSS's camera.
  • Gill Crater (Jun 09) - A crater near the south-east limb of the Moon. This is near the site where the Kaguya spacecraft performed a controlled crash, whose flashes were detected from India.
  • Ocean of Storms (Jun 09) - Largest "sea" on the Moon, though not associated with an impact basin. It is the landing site of Luna 9 (the first successful soft-lander on the Moon), Surveyor 1 (the first American soft lander), Luna 13 (the second Soviet soft-lander), Surveyor 3 (the first lunar lander to have components returned to Earth), and the Apollo 12 mission, which retrieved parts of Surveyor 3.
  • The Great Wall of Procellarum (Jun 09) - Unnamed ridges in Oceanus Procellarum near the Luna 9 landing site. Visible in restored LOIRP images.
  • Planitia Descensus (Jun 09) - The term refers to the landing site of Luna 9 (not the surrounding areas, in the Sea of Storms), which was the first spacecraft to make a successful soft landing on the Moon. Images containing this area were released in LOIRP images.
  • Galilaei Crater (Jun 09) - An crater near the Luna 9 landing site. Galilea's name had originally been on a large albedo spot, but because the lunar mapmaker didn't include these in his maps, he had to move the name to a nearby unremarkable crater. Images of this crater were released by LOIRP.
  • Copernicus Crater (Mar 09) - Crater that was imaged at an oblique angle by the Lunar Orbiter 2 spacecraft, which was dubbed one of the photos of the century. Image was restored by LOIRP.
  • Dririchlet-Jackson Basin (Feb 09) - Impact basin (unofficial name) found by Kaguya to contain the highest point on the Moon at its southern rim.
  • Antoniadi Crater (Feb 09) - One of the few double rimmed craters on the moon with a central peak. In the southern hemisphere on the dark side. Kaguya radar mapping found that its bottom is the lowest point on the moon.
  • Mare Smythii (Feb 09) - Ancient impact basin on the equator near the eastern limb of the moon. Theorists say its impact could have caused the moon to shift the face it points towards the Earth.
  • Reiner Gamma - Most famous of the mysterious "lunar swirls".
  • Mare Ingenii - Famous mysterious "lunar swirl" on the far side of the Moon. Contain the second identified lunar pits.

The Moon in the News (2007)Edit

Static Electricity A Hazard (Apr 2007)Edit

Early Soviet Lunar Photoes Reprocessed (May 2007)Edit

Reprocessed images of images by Luna 3 and Zond 3 reveal details of the Dark Side of the Moon.

Russian Missions in the NewsEdit

Lunokhod 1 Rover in the NewsEdit

Lazer Beams Reflected off Rover (Jun 2010)Edit

Chinese Missions in the NewsEdit

Chang'e-1 in the NewsEdit

Chang'e-1 to Impact the Moon (Jan 2009)Edit

Chang'e-1 Impacts the Moon (Mar 2009)Edit

China To Complete Hi Res Map of Moon (Aug 2009)Edit

Science Team to Study Data (Jul 2010)Edit

Japanese Missions in the NewsEdit

Kaguya in the NewsEdit

Global LALT Map Created (Feb 2009)Edit

- Highest point is Dririchlet-Jackson basin, lowest point is Antoniada crater

Four Kaguya Science Papers (Feb 2009)Edit

1) Lunar Radar Sounder Observations of Subsurface Layers under the Nearside Maria* of the Moon 2) Farside Gravity Field of the Moon from the Four-way Doppler Measurements of the SELENE (Kaguya) 3) The Lunar Global Shape and Polar Topography Derived from Kaguya-LALT Laser Altimetry 4) The Long-lived Volcanism on the Lunar Farside Revealed by the SELENE Terrain Camera

First Far Side Gravity Map Produced (Feb 2009)Edit

Kaguya Crashes Into Moon (Jun-Aug 2009)Edit

Kaguya to Crash Into the Moon (Jun 2009)Edit
SMART-1 Team Maps Kaguya's Future Impact Site (Jun 2009)Edit
Kaguya Crashes Into Moon (Jun 2009)Edit
Pre-Impact Photos Released (Jun 2009)Edit
3D Movie of Kaguya's Crash Created (Jun 2009)Edit

Kaguya Science Results (Jun-Aug 2009)Edit

Uranium Found on the Moon by Kaguya (Jul 2009)Edit
Japan's Mission Complete, Fails to Find Water (Jul 2009)Edit

Uranium Map Shows Scarce Uranium (Jun 2010)Edit

Olivine Found in Rocks Excavated by Craters (Jul 2010)Edit

Indian Missions in the NewsEdit

Chandrayaan-1 In the NewsEdit

Iron Bearing Minerals Found at Oriental Basin (Dec 08)Edit

First Images to be Released (Dec 2008)Edit

Mission Could Last More than 2 Years (Jan 2009)Edit

Resolution and Scope Touted (Jan 2009)Edit

Experimental Radar Peers Into South Polar Haworth Crater (Jan 2009)Edit

Detects X-Rays from the Moon (Jan 2009)Edit

First Review of Science by ISRO(Jan 2009)Edit

Thoughts of the Impactor (Jan 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 in Orbit 100 Days (Jan 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Confirms Lunar Highlands Formed in a Magma Ocean (Apr 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Orbit Raised (May 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Finds Water Ice at North Polar Areas (Apr-May 2009)Edit

Joint Chandrayaan-1 and LRO Mission (Aug-Sep 2009)Edit

Before Joint Mission (Aug 2009)Edit
Space probes fly in tandem to search for lunar water (Aug 2009)Edit
Tandem Moon Observations Failed (Sep 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Loses Contact (Sep 2009)Edit

Aftermath of Chandrayaan-1 Failure (Sep 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Supports Lunar Magma Ocean Hypothesis (Sep 2009)Edit

Chandrayaan-1 Found Evidence for Apollo 15 (Sep 2009)Edit

Global Partners Pleased by Science Results (Sep 2009)Edit

Failure Caused by Heat Issues, Was Covered Up (Sep 2009)Edit

Underground Chamber Found (Feb 2011)Edit

Chandrayaan-II In the NewsEdit

Chandrayaan-II To be launched by 2013 (Jul 2009)Edit

NASA Map Will Guide Mission (Jan 2011)Edit

European Missions in the NewsEdit

Lunar Lander Mission in the NewsEdit

Technology Being Developed (May 2011)Edit

American Missions in the NewsEdit

Apollo Missions in the NewsEdit

Seismometers Prove Moon Has a Core (Jan 2011)Edit

Lunar Prospector in the NewsEdit

British Team Shows Ice Most Likely in Polar Regions (Dec 2008)Edit

LCROSS In the NewsEdit

LRO and LCROSS Sent to the Moon (Jun-Aug 2009)Edit

Pre-Launch Activities (Jun 2009)Edit
LRO and LCROSS Launched (Jun 2009)Edit
LCROSS Completes Lunar Swingby (Jun 2009)Edit

First Images from LCROSS (Jun 2009)Edit

NASA's LCROSS's Centaur to Impact Lunar Pole to Find Water (Aug 2009)Edit

Sodium Found in Moon Water (Feb 2011)Edit

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter in the NewsEdit

LRO Completes Thermal Vacuum Tests (Dec 2008)Edit

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Reaches Orbit (Jun 2009)Edit

First Photos from Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Released (Jul 2009)Edit

General Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Articles (Jul 2009)Edit

LEND Finds Hydrogen in Cold and Hot Places (Sep 2009)Edit

Lunar Explorer Neutron Detector

LAMP Ultraviolet Polar Mapping Begins (Sep 2009)Edit

Lyman Alpha Mapping Project

DLRE Makes Global Temparature Map - Poles Coldest in SS (Sep 2009)Edit

At Moon for 1 Year (Jul 2010)Edit

Laser Map Sheds Light on Far Side (Dec 2010)Edit

See Montes Apenninus, Montes Caucasus and Mare Serenitatis

Zoomable Collage for Public Created (Feb 2011)Edit


Final Exploration Phase Data Set Released (Mar 2011)Edit

Best Far Side Pictures Taken (Mar 2011)Edit

Best Lunar Map Created (Apr 2011)Edit

Laser Map of Moon Reveals Slopes (May 2011)Edit

LRO Declared a Full Mission Success (Jun 2011)Edit

Sunrise Photo of Tycho's Crater (Jul 2011)Edit

Silica Volcanoes Found on Far Side (Jul 2011)Edit

Strange Crater May be Crashed Lunar Probe (Jul 2011)Edit

Moves in Closer, Will Take Better Apollo Site Images (Aug 2011)Edit

Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) in the NewsEdit

Lunar Dust Analyser to be Built (Jan 2009)Edit

Sodium Found in Moon Water by LCROSS (Feb 2011)Edit

ARTEMIS in the NewsEdit

Reach Lunar Orbit (Jul 2011)Edit

Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) in the NewsEdit

Rising Launch Prices Jeopardizes Future Planetary Missions (Dec 2011)Edit

See Mars for Curiosity Rover, Jupiter for Juno Orbiter, and Moon for GRAIL

Year of the Solar System (Feb 2011)Edit

See also Comet 103P/Hartley 2, Sun, Comet 9P/Tempel 1, Mercury, Vesta, Ceres, Jupiter, Moon, Mars

Finishing Touches (Feb 2011)Edit

Lockheed Martin Finishing GRAIL Spacecraft (May 2011)Edit

Launch Approaching (Jul-Aug 2011)Edit

Grail's Cost Saving Measures an Example (Jun 2011)Edit

See Mercury for Messenger, Europa, Titan for Titan Mare Explorer

Mated to Launch Vehicle (Aug 2011)Edit

MoonRise in the News (Apr 2011)Edit

NASA Decadal Survey Town Hall Approaching (Apr 2011)Edit

See also Mars, Europa, Uranus, Venus, Moon

Private Industry Missions in the NewsEdit

Google Lunar X PrizeEdit

Moon Express in the News (GLXP)Edit

Moon Express Demo Scrubbed (Jul 2011)Edit

Lunar Studies in the NewsEdit

Lunar Dust StudiesEdit

Goddard to Investigate "Stormy" Moon (Feb 2009)Edit

Lunar Dust Stickiness Varies By Sun Ray Angles(Apr 2009)Edit

Moon Dust Not as Strange as Hoped (Sep 2009)Edit

Deadly Solar Winds (May 2010)Edit

Lunar Craters May be Electrified (May 2010)Edit

Origin of Moon's Nitrogen in Dirt (May 2010)Edit

Fountains of Moondust Jet Into Sky (Jul 2010)Edit

Apollo Rocks StudiesEdit

Apollo Rocks Still Studied (Feb 2009)Edit

General 40th Anniversary of Apollo 11 Science (Jul 2009)Edit

Water found in Apollo samples (Jul 2010)Edit

Graphite Whiskers Found in Moon Rocks (Jul 2010)Edit

Lunar Water From Comets (Jan 2011)Edit

Moon Contains as Much Interior Water as the Earth (May 2011)Edit

Volatiles found in crystals in volcanic rocks. Planetary embryo collision formation theory called into question.

Moon May be Younger Than Previously Believed (Aug 2011)Edit

Rocks thought to be from the Moon's oldest crust (ferroan anorthosites) shown to be younger than previously believed. This places its surface at 4.36 BY old, much closer to the 4.4 BY age of the oldest rocks found on Earth. This is 200 MY after formation of the solar system, much younger than Mars or largest asteroids. Alternately, the moon may never have had a magma ocean or the rocks may not represent the Moons oldest rocks.

Lunar Mapping and Modeling ProjectEdit

Created (May 2011) Edit

Lunar Water StudiesEdit

Moon Has 100 Times as Much Water (Jun 2010)Edit

Lunar SwirlsEdit

What Lunar Swirls Aren't (Mar 2011)Edit

see Reiner Gamma, Mare Ingenii

Mysterious Swirls on the Moon (Jul 2011)Edit

Lunar Orbiter Image Recovery Project (LOIRP)Edit

Lunar Orbiter 1 Earthrise Picture Restored (Mar 2009)Edit

"Picture of the Century" Shot of Copernicus Crater Restored (Mar 2009)Edit


LOIRP Releases Ocean of Storms Images (Jun 2009)Edit

LOIRP Releases Restored Lunar South Pole Images (Aug 2009)Edit

Moon Simulators at Hawaii (Jan 2009)Edit

Lunar Rock Suggests Moon Had a Magnetic Field (Jan 2009)Edit

Zircon Dates Lunar Crust (Jan 2009)Edit

Impacts May Have Spun Moon Around (Feb 2009)Edit

New Lunar Facts From the Current Missions (Feb 2009)Edit

Age of "Hidden" Craters Sought (Mar 2009)Edit

Stereo Spacecraft to Search L3 and L4 Positions for Remnants of Theia (Apr 2009)Edit

New Software Renders What Past and Future Lunar Eclipses Would Look Like (Jun 2009)Edit

Shattered Dwarf Planet May Have Caused Impacts on Moon Etc (Jun 2009)Edit

Lunar Craters Most Likely Comets (Jul 2009)Edit

UT Researchers Find Water on Outside and Inside of Moon (Jul 2010)Edit

Moon Pits and Lava Tubes (Jul 2010)Edit

Moon Pits May be Water Traps (Mar 2011)Edit

Simulations Show Second Moon May Have Collided With Far Side (Aug 2011)Edit

Lunar PhotographyEdit

Photo of Most Planets From Near Mercury (Feb 2011)Edit

See Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

Solar Dynamics Observatory Shows Mountains on Moon During Eclipse (Apr 2011)Edit

Feature ArticlesEdit

Moon: A Brief History Review (Jan 2011)Edit

Earth and Moon Interaction StudiesEdit

Earthshine Varies by Rotation (Apr 2009)Edit

Life Could Exist Without Moon (Aug 2011)Edit

Lunar FactoidsEdit

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.