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Prehistoric Scratchpad
PhBP Po10BP

Modern humanity diverges from the common ancestor of Neanderthal and Denisovans lineage diverges. Mitochondrial analysis put this at between 400 and 500 TYA, while a more recent Y chromosome analysis put it at 550 TYA. Earlier set at between 750 and 550 TYA.

Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans Web Pages[]

Classification[]

  • Quaternary Period (2.58-0.00 MYA) - The current Period. The age of humans. This time is the "current ice age", the Quaternary Glaciation.
    • Holocene Epoch (11.7-0 TYA) - The current epoch. The age of modern man. The current interglacial of the Quaternary Glaciation.
    • Pleistocene Epoch (2.58-0.0117 MYA) - The previous epoch. Includes the beginning of the Quaternary Glaciation, several inter-glacials, up until the beginning of the current interglacial.
      • Tarantian Age (126-11.7 TYA) - The Late Pleistocene. Defined as the beginning of the Eemian Interglacial until the end of the last glacial period of the last ice age.
      • Ionian Age (781-126 TYA) - The Middle Pleistocene. Neanderthals developed in this era (400 TYA). The earliest known human DNA dates to this time as does the beginning of the extinction of large mammals (132 TYA).
        • Event: Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans (550 TYA) - Modern humanity diverges from the common ancestor of Neanderthal and Denisovans lineage diverges. Mitochondrial analysis put this at between 400 and 500 TYA, while a more recent Y chromosome analysis put it at 550 TYA. Earlier set at between 750 and 550 TYA.

Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans In the News[]

Research Raises Doubts on Neanderthal-Modern Human Interbreeding (2012)[]

Research suggests similarity in DNA stems from common ancestry and activation of genes in similar environments.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact

Dental Study Suggests No Known Hominin is Common Ancestor to Neanderthals and Modern Humans (2012)[]

Study of teeth shows no known hominin matches the expected profile of Neanderthal and Modern Humans and so the split may have occurred a million years ago.
See also Neanderthals and Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans

Modern Men Lack Y Chromosome Genes (2016)[]

Study compares Y Chromosome of humans and Neanderthals and determines that humans today did not inherit any parts of this chromosome. It also determined when the species originally diverged.

Neanderthal Viruses Found in Modern Humans (2013)[]

Viruses found in Neanderthal bones were found in the DNA of modern humans, suggesting they developed before they diverged over half a million years ago. These viruses my affect health of humans.
See also Neanderthals, Human-Neanderthal Divergence

Schizophrenia emerged after humans diverged from Neanderthals (2016)[]

Schizophrenia markers were only found in areas of the genome that differed significantly from Neanderthals, suggesting it developed after humans diverged from them.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans, Human-Neanderthal Divergence

400,000 Year Old Fossils from Spain Provide Earliest Genetic Evidence of Neanderthals (2016)[]

Virtual Fossil Reveals Last Common Ancestor of Humans and Neanderthals (2015)[]

Fossils from skeletons of humans, Neanderthals, and homo erectus were modeled to determine what the last common ancestor was.
See also Neanderthals, Modern Humans, Heidelberg Man, Human-Neanderthal Divergence

Dental plaque DNA shows Neanderthals used 'asperin' (2017)[]

DNA in dental plaque reveals what Neanderthals ate. Some were mostly carnivores, while others were vegetarian. A sick Neanderthal seems to have used local herbs to heal himself. Microbial DNA suggests humans and Neanderthals swapped mouth bacteria long after the species had diverged.
See also Neanderthals, Spy Cave, El Sidron Cave, Human-Neanderthal Divergence
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