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Prehistoric Scratchpad

Archaeological site near Lingjing town Northern China which may have been a paleolithic kill butchery site. The first site in China found from the Old Stone Age, and its site is transitional between the Early and Later paleolithic Ages of the Chinese Paleolithic cultureal system. Contains the oldest known bone tools in China and Xuchang Man, a possible new human species, was found here.


100,000 Years Ago[]

This is the time of Xuchang Man. He had features similar to Neanderthals and modern humans. He could be a hybrid of the two species, a Denisovan, or something new. DNA was failed to be recovered from this specimen. Aurochs and horses are the dominant fauna species here, while the site is centered on fountains, lakes, and wetland.

Earlier History[]

  • Bone tools were being used 115,000 years ago to modify stone tools. This is the earliest known usage of bone tools in China.

Later History[]

  • Xuchang Man has been dated from between 80,000 and 100,000 years.
  • Xuchang Man left the area upon the coming of the ice age 50-70,000 years ago. It is not clear where they went or if they have any ties to modern chinese.
  • Early pottery that predates 9000 years ago was found here.

Modern History[]

  • The Lingjin Site was discovered in teh mid-20th Century.
  • The site was re-excavated by researchers from the Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology between 2005 and 2006.


This site is west of Lingjing town in Xuchang county of Henan province in northern China.

Lingjing Site Web Pages[]

Lingjing Site In the News[]

Stone and Bone Relics Found (2005)[]

Human Skulls Found (Jun 2008)[]

Lingjing Was a Kill-Butchery Site (Aug 2011)[]

Sophisticated Hunting Techniques Practices (May 2012)[]

2006's Excavation Report (Feb 2015)[]

Bite Marks on 100,000 Child Thigh Bones (Jul 2015)[]

Skulls Reveal Evolutionary Complexity (May 2017)[]

Early Pottery Found (Jun 2017)[]

Oldest Bone Tools in China Found (Mar 2018)[]


Google Street View[]

Related Pages[]