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Prehistoric Scratchpad

Settlement in the Zagros Mountains in Iranian Kurdistan that contains the earliest evidence of goat domestication.


10,000 Years Ago[]

This is the earliest period of this settlement and domestic goats were present here. The people living here were closely related to the Caucusus Hunter-Gatherers in Georgia and a close but distinct from the Anatolian early farmers. Evidence for crop use is sparse, but includes the presence of two-row barley.

Earlier History[]

  • The site is thought to have been established around 10,200 years ago.

Later History[]

  • One ceramic tradition found here is based on the clay for figurines and small geometric pieces like cones and disks, dated 7300-6900 BC
  • Another ceramic tradition originated in the use of clay for mud-walled buildings (ca. 7300 BC)
  • The site is thought to have been abandoned by about 9,950 years ago, after having been occupied continuously for only about 200 to 300 years.

Modern History[]

  • This site was discovered in 1965 by Canadian archaeologists.


It is located in Iranian Kurdistan and its name means "Treasure Valley"

Ganj Dareh Web Pages[]

Ganj Dareh In the News[]

Critique of Findings (1974)[]

Evidence for Husbandry (1978)[]

Initial Domestication of Goats (2000)[]

Architectural Innovation and Experimentation (Jul 2010)[]

Thermal Analysis of Pottery (Feb 2011)[]

Farming Started Across Entire Fertile Crescent (Jul 2013)[]

Archaeobotanical Study of Ganj Dareh (2015)[]

Genome of 10,000 Year Old Woman (Jun 2016)[]

Radiocarbon Dating of Human Bones (Apr 2017)[]

Diseases from Goat Domestication (Jun 2017)[]


Google Street View[]

Related Pages[]