Andy's Wiki
Prehistoric Scratchpad

Site in Altai mountains near in Siberia near Mongolian boarder. Denisovan humans were discovered here. The toe of an inbred Neanderthal which was DNA sequenced was found here. A Neanderthal woman with human genes was found here. Both species were dated to 30-50 ka. A 50ka+ Neanderthal bone that passed through the stomach of a hyena was also found here and identified with collagen fingerprinting.


100,000 Years Ago[]

The cave was occupied by Neanderthals and Denisovans, perhaps each at the edge of their own domains.

Earlier History[]

  • Before 300ka - The cave was occupied by now-extinct prehistoric animals
  • 300ka - Denisovans being occupying the cave
  • 200ka - Neanderthals begin occupying cave with Denisovans

Later History[]

  • 97ka - About the time Neanderthals left the cave
  • 79.3-90-118.1ka - Dawn, the 13 year old daughter of a Denisovan father and a Neanderthal mother was buried in this cave.
  • 52ka - About the time that Denisovans left the cave
  • 43-45-49ka - Pointed bones and pierced teeth in this cave, possibly by denisovans or modern humans, or a hybrid

Modern History[]


Denisova Cave Web Pages[]


  • Order Primates (Primates) - Mammals with long arms.
    • Family Homonidae (Homonids)
      • Genus Homo (Homo) - The human genus.
        • Species Neanderthal (Neanderthals) - The closest known extinct species to humans.
        • Species Denisovan (Denisovans) - A species of humans in Asia that interbred with modern humans.
          • Specimen Denny (Neanderthal/Denisovan Hybrid)
        • Species Sapiens (Modern Humans) - Anatomically modern humans.

Denisova Cave In the News[]

Neanderthal Genome Shows Early Human Interbreeding, Inbreeding (2013)[]

First high quality of Neanderthal genome created (from a 50 TYO Neanderthal woman's toe in Denisova Cave), allowing for comparison between modern humans and Denisovans.
See also Neanderthals, Denisova Cave, Modern Humans, Denisovans, Neanderthal-Denisovan Divergence, Modern Humans Diverge from Neanderthals and Denisovans, Neanderthal - Cro-Magnon Contact, Neanderthal-Denisovan Interbreeding

Neanderthals mates with modern humans much earlier than previously though (2016)[]

Human DNA found in an Neanderthal suggests failed migration out of Africa and early interbreeding.

Novel collagen fingerprinting identifies a Neanderthal bone among 2000 fragments (2016)[]

Oldest Bone Needle Found (Aug 2016)[]

Fourth Denisovan Fossil Found From Molar (Jul 2017)[]

Dennis Had Neanderthal Mother and Denisovan Father (Aug 2018)[]

Mammoth Tusk Tiara Found (Dec 2018)[]

Hematite Pencil Found (Dec 2018)[]

Debate on Who Created Jewelry (Feb 2019)[]

Neanderthal-Denisovan Co-occupation Dates Determined (Mar 2019)[]

First Denisovan Skull Fragment Found (Mar 2019)[]

Denisovan Conference (Apr 2019)[]